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Agora Baths (Side Museum) Mar 29, 2017
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Agora Baths (Side Museum)




This building has been restored and it is being used as Side Museum today determined to be erected in 5th century AD. The entrance was provided from the section with two gates in the original form of the structure althogh this baths museum is entered from a section of torn down walls. Necessary hot water was provided by a furnace in the baths. The building was heated by passing the hat air below within the walls and below the ground.
Sections of bath:
• Frigidarium ( cold section ) : There is cold water pool descended by stairways, in the adjacent section with a circular plan. It is possible to view here also the section in which the water was provided from the aqueduct to the building of baths.
• Sudatorium ( Hottest section – place of perspiring – sauna )
• Calderium ( Hot bathing section ) : There are hot water pools in caldarium.
• Tepidarium ( Tepid section )
• Apodyterium ( Dressing room )
• Palaestra ( The courtyard which hosted the open air activities like sports etc.)

All these sections are used as the exhibition sections of Side museum and this museum contains three halls, one of which is a garden and being uncovered. The paleastra of the baths structure is used as the garden in which Side Museum exhibits some stone monuments today.
In Side Museum the majority of the monuments exhibited are stone made monuments of the local origin. The most interesting among these are as follows:

In uncovered hall
The oldest monument the base of the basalt column which belongs to the period of Late Hittite kingdoms exhibited in the museum. It was brought here in time for the commercial reasons and does not belong to the region. 8-9. century BC.
On the south eastern gate the friezes bearing the descriptions of war spoils taken from the enemies. Among these descriptions are the swords, armors etc...

Hall 1
Women statues dressed in a fashion called Side Type located inside the four niches in this section.

Hall 2 and 3
The statue of the merchants’ protective god Hermes described with a money bag in his hand and a Hermes head, Nike statues, Hygeia statue, Herakles statues..
Sarcophaguses with Eros ( God of love ) a composition comprised of the statues of the three mythological Kharits called as three beauties, relifs depicting The birth of Aphrodite and Punishing of Ixion, discobal, sphinxes, Ares, Asclepios, Athena, Apollon statues and head of Apollon, various men and women heads.
Furthermore coins, a bronze arm belonging to the city of Side, inscriptions and amphoras are the most interesting pieces of collection of Side museum exhibited in the covered section.
The majority of the monuments of sculpture in Side museum are the copies made in the Roman period ( 2nd century AD ) looking at the original monuments of Hellen sculptors. And also the sculptors of Side created successfull original monuments to form their trend in art. Among these original monuments there are heads of men and women which reflect the psychological states and characters of the persons.
Side City Walls Side City Walls
Main gate and other gates Main gate and other gates
City fountain (Nymphaeum) City fountain (Nymphaeum)
Aqueduct Aqueduct
Columned streets and quarters Columned streets and quarters
The building with sacred fountain The building with sacred fountain
Houses with Peristyl Houses with Peristyl
Commercial agora and The Temple of Tykhe Commercial agora and The Temple of Tykhe
Theatre Theatre
Agora Baths (Side Museum) Agora Baths (Side Museum)
Monumental Gate Monumental Gate
Vespasianus monumental fountain Vespasianus monumental fountain
The fountain with three pools The fountain with three pools
Water Cistern Water Cistern
Dionysus Temple Dionysus Temple
Harbor Street Harbor Street
Theater’s Basilica Theater’s Basilica
Harbor Baths Harbor Baths
Apollo Temple Apollo Temple


Agora Baths (Side Museum) - Antalya

 

 

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