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Seleukia Jul 16, 2018


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Seleukia (Lyrbe)
In Anatolia there are many ancient cities bearing the names of the kings of the Hellenistic Selukos State. One of them is Pamphylia’s Seleukia and it is located around 90km from Antalya and 20km from Manavgat. The road is asphalt. In 3rd century BC the city was founded as an acropolis.
The place of city foundation is the top of a hill surrounded by cliffs an three sides, which could be reached only from the south. Agora and city centerare situated to the west of this hill.
Seleukia became the shelter for many intellectuals, scients and artists of Side and all they continued their studies of science and art here during the period when Side was under the control of the bandits and pirates.The only importance of the city which had almost no commercial income was that it had a good defence system and was located at a strategic point.
Seleukia city became small and it eventually turned to ruins as this strategic importance dissappeared.

Places to visit in Seleukia:

- City walls and the gate:
The section where they can be viewed best and where the city walls have survived to today with the least demage is the most narrow spot of the city’s western section.
This wall has a height of 9m. Where the city walls extend towards the inner section, high gate which is 5 m can be seen.

-Agora and Bouleuterion:
Agora is located near the city’s entrance. Due to the difference of height in the land, Agora comprises a basement and two full floors. Agora is observed to have two gates on the southern and northern sections. In the middle there is a columned courtyard and the covered places surrounding it. On the northeastern side of the courtyard there are several 2 floored shops, two of which have lento and one has an arched gate.
On the upper floors the windows are in a good condition and on the walls the holes in which the wooden crosstimbers were placed are clearly seen. Inside the arched place in the center of this row of shops the stairway ascends to the upper floors.
There is a building, probably a bouleuterion, with a seni circular plan constructed as attached to the Agora structure. Bouleuterion is entered from the agora’s courtyard side through a gate with four lentos.
This bouleuterion is supposed to be converted into a series of shops and to be divided in later periods. In the middle of the places to the north of the courtyard there is a gate with extended archway, providing exit towards the direction of Apollon Temple. Later, this gate was closed by laying bricks.
On both sides of the gate there are columned covered places.
On each of the two ends of the basement there is an arched niche located on the west side of the agora building.
On it’s northern side this floor has also gate with lento, which opens to the outside.

-Apollon Temple:
Apollon Temple which was dedicated to the Apollon, is a small temple located 20m. to the north of agora. The temple has a marble podium and cella and podium is ascended from the direction of agora by the stairways.
On the front side of temple only the bases of the four columns have survived through the present day.
On the interior walls of the temple’s naos there are arched niches protected with cages.

- Sacred spring, Roman baths and Basilica:
There is a cave on the western slopes of the land. Around this cave there are ruins and also this place is supposed to be a sacred spring.
Ruins belong to Roman baths. It is possible to see the rooms and 3 main sections of the baths. The palaestra and the side wall of the exercise room lean against these ruins.
The fascinating mosaics on the grounds attract attention.
On the north west of the baths complex there is a Byzantine Basilica. Basilica’s ground is covered with colored marbles.

Seleukia - Antalya



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