The Aspendos Theater is more famous than the city. It bears all the Roman Period theaters’ characteristics. It has survived through the present day with the best conditions among the Roman theaters on the world.
It has characteristics of Roman theaters in semi circular plan. It was built by the son of Theodorus the architect Zeno during the reign of the emperor Marcus Aurelius ( 161-180 AD ) according to an unearthed inscription.
Aspendos Theater has a capacity of around 18.000 spectators, the sitting section for the spectators ( cavea ) is divided by a connecting path ( diazoma ) into two sections on top of one another.
The entry was provided by arched passages and there is a longitudinal gallery in the upper section which provides entry to the cavea from the upper section. Cavea of theater has also other entrances through passages opening to diazoma from another gallery which extends all along the building and which is located on the same level as diazoma. The entries from the lower section to the cavea is provided with the covered side passages ( paradoi ). Some of the sitting places were reserved for the people and their names were written by scraping.
The stage building of the theatre is high in accordance with the Roman style and has multiple floors. The outside part of the building is simple. There are the entrances for the spectators on both sides and in the middle of this side is an arched staff entry.
Inside part of the stage building which faces the spectators bears dense decorations. The stage is 1,5m high and has a part of projecting 7m. towards the front. On the surface of the stage there are 5stage doors and below these 5 small doors are placed. The stage background wall was decorated with 2 series of pillars each of which rose on top of one another. In the openings left between these columns there were pediments placed on top of columns and niches surrounded by small columns. Inside the niches there were statues.
Above the second series of columns there was a large pediment which was embroidered with a figure of Dionysos, placed among the plant motifs. Stage building wall holes reveals the fact that a shady spot built with a wooden frame was used.