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Sillyon Apr 30, 2017
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Sillyon




Sillyon is located on a hill with the altitude of 210m. in the alluvium plain formed by the river Aksu ( Kestros ) and between the cities of Perge and Aspendos 10km from the road which separates from the Antalya – Alanya highway towards the north.
Its distance from Antalya is 36 km, from Perge 15 km, from Aspendos 33 km. According to historian Strabon, Sillyon is only 7km. far from Perge ancient city.

Places to visit in Sillyon:

- City walls, lower gate ( main gate ), northern gate, slopes, towers and bastions:

Other than the western side it is not possible to climb the hill where the Sillyon was founded. Therefore on the western slopes of the hill the defense system of Sillyon was built. In the front section there are the walls supported by the towers and the main gates of the city and the grades built on the slopes of the hill behind these walls, and the bastion towers. A late period tower on the walls had two floors. On the north side of the hill there is a gate. The bastion towers and slopes connect the two gates with a road and thus form an interesting defense system. Protecting walls windows evidence that it was covered.
The main gate was built with a similar plan in Side and Perge but Sillyon main gate is smaller. On both sides of it there are towers and also it has horseshoe shaped courtyard.

- Building of the late period:
It is very large and high building belong to Byzantine period and has two floors but the function of this Byzantine building is not known. It is located to the west of the hill where the city was founded.

- Building of the Hellenistic period:
It is situated with a 55m. long palaestra in front of it and 10 windows on its side facing the palaestra, to the south of the building which belongs to the Byzantine period. Hellenistic period building was a public building.

- Building with inscription:
This building supposedly built during the Hellenistic period ( 200 BC. ) and the gate of it bears a fine sample of workmanship. The most important document written in Pamphylia dialect is an inscription on the gate written is this dialect and it has not been possible to completely translate this inscription.

- Theatre:
Theatre was built right on the south western slope of the hill and large part of the theatre building was ruined as a result of a landslide in the year 1969. The cavea and the lower section of the stage building collapsed completely and only the last 15 rows have survived.

- Odeion:
Odeion is situated on the side of the theater. Odeion is slightly smaller than the theater. This building faced the same consequence as the theater and collapsed almost completely in the said landslide.

- Houses:
A series of terraces connected to the theater with a road on the east and they were formed by smoothing the edge of the hill and carved in the rocks. Stairs built by carving the stones are connections among terraces. Some sections of the houses’ walls were formed by carving the main rock. Between these houses there were also narrow streets.

- Small Temple:
Small temple is located on one of the terraces where the houses are situated. This is a small temple with dimension of 11x8m. and with doric prostylos style. On the eastern side of the temple there are four columns There is long but thin cistern next to the temple and an important part of the building slid down from the cliff.


- A temple, tower, a building with an unknown function, houses and cisterns:
On the north western side of the city there are the remains of the cistern and houses.
On the north eastern end there is a round tower which is understood to be built for watching purposes. Temple is on the south of this tower.

- Palace or Gymnasium:
This is very large building and it was located near the main gate. The function of this building is controversial.

- Necropolis:
There are many graves which carved in large rocks in the city cemetery.
Rocks which were used for graves fell down from the hill. Each grave has a stairway and cover. However the majority of the covers have lost.

- Stadium:
Stadium is located near the palace building and main gate. The western section of the sitting desks leans against a gallery with an extended archway and the eastern section of these leans against the hill.

- Small Mosques:
Two small mosques were constructed after Turks conquered the region in 13. century on the hill where Sillyon city is founded.


Sillyon - Antalya

 

 

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